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Two strips of tactile paving at the bottom of a two- directional ramp warn of changes in both directions.

Tenji Blocks

You’ve probably seen tenji blocks appearing with new road work in your neighborhood. They’re becoming as common a part of the hardscape as curb cuts or street signs. These new elements of the sidewalk are textured strips on the sidewalk—sometimes covered in raised dots, and sometimes striped with long, wide

Steel is made in foundries and steel mills

How is Steel Made?

According to the World Steel Association, 1869.9 million tons of steel were produced in 2019. This represents a 3.4% increase in output from 2018 and is more than double the output in 1999. The world has an ever growing need for steel. It’s used in construction, industry, and manufacturing. Being

A brown “pirate-ship” with masts for canvas sails, topped with crows’ nests, tied up by a dock

7 Types of Cannon Bollards

What do bollards have to do with cannons? A lot, it turns out. Although horse hitches, way-finding markers, and marine mooring posts have been used for thousands of years, cast iron bollards were popularized in the 18th century. A wartime practice arose of using spent or captured cannons as perimeter

Water on stone sidewalk reflects a purple building rimmed in yellow light

Trench Drain Systems

Trench drains are small channels that move standing water from surfaces. Outside, trench drain systems often manage stormwater runoff. Small drains are also used to capture splashes and drips around pools and water features. Trench is often installed when standing water becomes an issue due to landscape, hardscape, land use,

Black U-racks are installed in an L shape around a bush in front of a school, several bikes locked to them

School Bike Racks

School upgrades give designers a chance to think about how built environment affects behavior. People choose activities when they have resources supporting these choices: so it is with active transportation. Lack of safe cycling or walking infrastructure is a discouragement on busy roads. Seeing this, many municipalities are working to

Several stainless steel R-8460 bollards guard a mall plaza containing a train station with artistic mural.

Several to One: Removable Bollards Systems

Removable bollards are a style of bollard used to permit or deny access to variable-use spaces. When the bollards are present, they prevent cars and trucks from accessing a space. Site managers remove them at certain times or for specific people to grant vehicle access. When these bollards are removed,

Trees are planted in a strip of permeable cobblestone along a walk/bike lane

11 Benefits of Street Trees in Urban Spaces

Urban planners are often passionate advocates for street trees. Though cities have strapped budgets, an urban forest offers an excellent return on investment. Yes, trees drop leaves and fruit, produce pollen, and have roots that can become invasive or heave sidewalks. Yet trees make such a big difference to quality

People walk through a pedestrian square decorated with black bollards, bike racks, and lamp standards; outdoor lights glow over top

Bollard Installation Tricks: How to Install into Pavers

A few simple steps help put bollards on landscape pavers. Check out our how-tos for: Crash-rated bollards Security bollards Retractable bollards Removable bollards Bolt-down bollards It’s common for decorative bollards to be installed with stone or concrete pavers for a fully finished site look. The fine finish of cast iron

A red-brown trench grate is installed in a municipal sidewalk

How to Buy Indoor or Outdoor Channel Drain

“Trench drain” refers to any narrow, long carved channel used to move water. The trough may be formed out of concrete by hand, be made out of concrete using a pre-formed mold, or be made of another material like plastic, PVC, or metal. Trench drains often have a grating on

A circular grinder machines a high-precision steel part

What is Machining?

Making objects out of metal involves many manufacturing processes. One of these is machining, a necessary requirement of mass manufacture in the modern age. Machine tools cut, bore, grind, or otherwise shape metal by removing some of it with a cutting or grinding surface. Usually, a machine tool has two